Your potential grades don’t just range from an A+ to an E. Find out about the variety of pass and fail grades that you may be awarded.

Standard pass/fail grades

These grades have been awarded since Trimester 1, 2014.
GradeNormal mark rangeMidpointIndicative Characterisation
A+90-10095Outstanding performance
A85-8987Excellent performance
A-80-8482Excellent performance in most respects
B+75-7977Very good performance
B70-7472Good performance
B-65-6967Good performance overall, but some weaknesses
C+60-6462Satisfactory to good performance
C55-5957Satisfactory performance
C-50-5452Adequate evidence of learning
D40-4945Poor performance overall, some evidence of learning. Fail.
E0-3920Well below the required standard. Fail.

Other pass grades

  • P = Overall Pass (for a course classified as Pass/Fail)
  • G = Aegrotat Pass
  • J = Pass in recognition of prior learning
  • L = Compensation Pass
  • Z = Special Pass

Other fail grades

  • F = Fail (for a course classified as Pass/Fail; also used for an unsuccessful Special Pass application)
  • K = Fail due to not satisfying mandatory course requirements, even though the student’s course mark reached the level specified for a pass, usually 50 percent. (Q grades are no longer used.)

Non-pass grades

In addition to the grades listed above, the following grades may be entered by the Student Success offices:

  • GP = Grade pending (usually associated with an aegrotat application)
  • U = Withdrawal approved by Associate Dean
  • WD = Withdrawal during permitted period

Qualification awards

As well as the grades for individual courses, some four-year bachelor’s degrees and postgraduate qualifications can be awarded with an overall result.

Qualifications awarded with honours

Bachelor’s honours degrees and some master’s degrees may be awarded with a class of honours.

Honours Overall standard of work
1 First Class Honours A- or above
2(1) Second Class Honours (first division) B+ or high B
2(2) Second Class Honours (second division) low B or B-
3Third Class HonoursC-, C, C+
F FailD or E

Master’s degrees

If a master’s degree has a thesis, the thesis is normally assigned a grade (i.e. one of the grades shown in the table above). Masters' degrees are also awarded an overall result of Pass or Fail; many are also able to be awarded with either a class of honours (see above), or with Merit or Distinction:

  • S = Pass with Distinction
  • T = Pass with Merit
  • P = Pass
  • F = Fail

Grade point average (GPA)

A grade point average for for Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington courses is calculated by assigning numbers to grades as set out below, weighting by points values and then dividing the sum by the points total. Different sets of courses may be included depending on the purpose of a particular GPA calculation.



















D, E, K, L


Historical grades

Standard pass/fail grades until Trimester 3, 2013

Note: For master's theses, these grades apply until mid-2014. Contact the relevant associate dean (postgraduate research) for details.

  • A+ = Excellent performance in all respects
    • Percentage = 85–100%
    • Mid-point = 92.5
  • A = Excellent performance in almost all respects
    • Percentage = 80–84%
    • Mid-point = 82
  • A- = Very good, some aspects excellent but others not
    • Percentage = 75–79%
    • Mid-point = 77
  • B+ = Very good, some aspects excellent but others not
    • Percentage = 70–74%
    • Mid-point = 72
  • B = Good performance overall
    • Percentage = 65–69%
    • Mid-point = 67
  • B- = Good performance overall
    • Percentage = 60–64%
    • Mid-point = 62
  • C+ = Work satisfactory overall, strengths outweigh weaknesses
    • Percentage = 55–59%
    • Mid point = 57
  • C =  Work satisfactory overall, strengths outweigh weaknesses
    • percentage = 50–54%
    • Mid-point = 52
  • D = Poor performance overall, weaknesses outweigh strengths
    • Percentage = 40–49%
    • Mid-point = 45)
  • E = Well below the standard required
    • Percentage = 0–39%

Discontinued grades

The following grades are no longer used, but may appear on student histories:

  • H = Overall Pass (for some courses classified as Pass/Fail)
  • M = Overall Pass with Merit (used only for some teacher education courses)
  • = Fail due to not satisfying mandatory course requirements, regardless of overall course mark
  • = Did not sit final examination
  • = Withdrawal without Dean’s permission
  • WX = Withdrawal from assessment
  • = Course cross-credited