Publications Stephen Hartley


Fea N, Linklater W & Hartley S (2020) Responses of New Zealand forest birds to management of introduced mammals. Conservation Biology (in press)

Woolley CK, Hartley S, Hitchmough RA, Innes JG, van Heezik Y, Wilson DJ & Nelson NJ (2019) Reviewing the past, present and potential lizard faunas of New Zealand cities. Landscape and Urban Planning 192: 103647. abstract +

Tomscha S, Deslippe J, de Roiste M, Hartley S & Jackson B (2019) Uncovering the ecosystem service legacies of wetland loss using high-resolution models. Ecosphere 10:10 e02888. article [Agricultural production has increased, while flood mitigation and nutrient retention services associated with wetlands in the Ruamahanga Basin have decreased. Conversion of swamps has had greater impacts than conversion of fens]

Journal articles

Woolley CK & Hartley S (2019) Activity of free-roaming cats in an urban reserve and public perception of pet-related threats to wildlife in New Zealand. Urban Ecosystems 6: abstract

Santoro D, Hartley S & Lester PJ (2019) Behaviourally specialized foragers are less efficient and live shorter lives than generalists in wasp colonies. Scientific Reports 9: 5366 article [RFID tags on hundreds of Vespula vulgaris wasps, revealed lifetime foraging activities]

Fea N & Hartley S (2018) The balancing act of nest survival: Survival of a small endemic bird in the face of ship rat predation and other risk factors. Avian Conservation and Ecology 13(2):11. article [fantail nests on the end of thin branches avoid rat predation better than those on thick sturdy branches]

Stenhouse V, Carter AL, Chapple DG, Hare KM, Hartley S & Nelson N (2018) Modelled incubation conditions indicate wider potential distributions based on thermal requirements for an oviparous lizard. Journal of Biogeography 45: 1872-1883. DOI: 10.1111/jbi.13363  abstract + [Successful development of New Zealand's only egg-laying skink, Oligosoma suteri, is possible in areas outside their current range]

Cook A & Hartley S. (2018) Efficient sampling of avian acoustic recordings: intermittent subsamples improve estimates of single species prevalence and total species richness. Avian Conservation and Ecology 13(1):21. article [a method for more efficient use of listening time when performing manual classification of bioacoustic data]

Anton V, Hartley S, Geldenhuis A & Wittmer HU (2018) Monitoring the mammalian fauna of urban areas using remote cameras and citizen science. Journal of Urban Ecology 4:1, juy002. article [simple steps can improve the accuracy of image classifications from 84% to over 97%]

Anton V, Hartley S & Wittmer HU (2018) Evaluation of remote cameras for monitoring multiple invasive mammals in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 42: 74-79.abstract + [cameras proved most effective at detecting hedgehogs, rats, cats and possums, and were equal to tunnels for detecting mice]

Carter AL, Kearney MR, Hartley S, Porter WP & Nelson NJ (2018) Geostatistical interpolation can reliably extend coverage of a very high-resolution model of temperature-dependent sex determination. Journal of Biogeography 45: 652-663. abstract +

Cane RP, Hartley S, Gradwell B & Singe M (2018) Spatial and temporal distribution, environmental drivers and community structure of mosquitoes in the Kaipara Harbour, New Zealand. Bulletin of Entomological Research 108: 305-313. abstract + [Bi-weekly samples were collected for three and a half years, producing the longest and most detailed published time series of New Zealand mosquito dynamics. Four native and two non-native species (Aedes notoscriptus and Culex quinquefasciatus) were collected.]

Romijn RL & Hartley S (2016) Trends in lizard translocations in New Zealand between 1988 and 2013. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 43: 191-210. abstract + or full e-print [Out of 54 translocations that have received some form of follow-up monitoring, 8 have recorded an increase in numbers, 41 found some survivors and 5 found no survivors]

Jackson M, Hartley S, Linklater W (2016) Better food-based baits and lures for invasive rats Rattus spp. and the brushtail possum Trichosurus vulpecula: a bioassay on wild, free-ranging animals. Journal of Pest Science 89: 479-488. abstract + [alternative lures may be able to increase the sensitivity of monitoring. See write-up by PredatorFreeNZ]

Hasenbank M & Hartley S (2015) Weaker resource diffusion effect at coarser spatial scales observed for egg distribution of cabbage white butterflies. Oecologia 177: 423-430. abstract + [contrary to the resource concentration hypothesis, isolated plants receive more eggs than plants in clusters, especially when responses are measured at a fine spatial resolution]

Carter AL, Kearney MR, Mitchell NJ, Hartley S, Porter WP & Nelson NJ (2015) Modelling the soil microclimate: does the spatial or temporal resolution of input parameters matter? Frontiers of Biogeography 7: fb_27849. abstract +

Tingley R, Thompson MB, Hartley S, Chapple DG (2015) Patterns of niche-filling and expansion across the invaded ranges of an Australian lizard. Ecography 39: 270-280. abstract +, (Supp.Mat. 2.4MB) [A bioclimatic study of the delicate skink / rainbow skink / plague skink: Lampropholis delicata ]

Santoro D, Hartley S, Suckling DM, Lester PJ (2015) The stinging response of the common wasp (Vespula vulgaris): plasticity and variation in individual aggressiveness. Insectes Sociaux 62: 455-463. abstract +

Santoro D, Hartley S, Suckling DM, Lester PJ (2015) Nest-based information transfer and foraging activation in the common wasp (Vespula vulgaris). Insectes Sociaux 62: 207-217. abstract + [wasps don't perform waggle-dances like bees, but they can detect the odour of food brought back to the nest and use this information to guide their foraging]

Krejcek SC, Malouines C & Hartley S (2015) Tri-trophic interactions and the minimal effect of larval microsite and plant attributes on parasitism of Sphenella fascigera (Diptera: Tephritidae). NZ Journal of Zoology 42: 85-93. abstract + [Sphenella fascigera lives as a larva inside the stems and flowerheads of shore groundsel, Senecio lautus]

Anton V, Hartley S, Wittmer HU (2015) Survival and growth of planted seedlings of three native tree species in urban forest restoration in Wellington, New Zealand. NZ Journal of Ecology 39: 170-178. article | Supp. material pdf0.1MB [tree species: wineberry, cabbage tree and lemonwood]

Kasper J, Hartley S, Schatkowski S & Hoch H (2015) The influence of the physiological stage of Lucilia caesar (L.) (Diptera: Calliphoridae) females on attraction of carrion odor. Journal of Insect Behaviour 28: 183-201. abstract+

Madawala S, Hartley S, Gould KS (2014) Comparative growth and photosynthetic responses of native and adventive iceplant taxa in response to salinity stress. NZ Journal of Botany 52: 352-364. abstract +

Ball OJ-P, Whaley PT, Booth AM & Hartley S (2013) Habitat associations and detectability of the endemic Te Paki ground beetle Mecodema tenaki (Coleoptera: Carabidae). NZ Journal of Ecology 37: 84-94. abstract +

Kikillus KH, Hare KM & Hartley S (2012) Online trading tools as a method of estimating propagule pressure via the pet-release pathway. Biological Invasions 14: 2657-2664. abstract +

Cooling M, Hartley S, Sim DA, Lester PJ (2012) The widespread collapse of an invasive species: Argentine ants (Linepithema humile) in New Zealand. Biology Letters 8: 430-433. abstract + | The Economist review

Buswell JM, Moles AT & Hartley S (2011) Is rapid evolution common in introduced plant species? Journal of Ecology 99: 214-224. abstract + | Faculty1000 review | Sydney Morning Herald

Roura-Pascual N, Hui C, Ikeda T, Leday G, Richardson D, Carpintero S, Espadaler X, Gómez C, Guénard B, Hartley S, Krushelnycky P, Lester PJ and 11 others (2011) The relative roles of climatic suitability and anthropogenic influence in determining the pattern of spread in a global invader. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 108: 220-225. abstract + | ONEarth News Blog

Schnitzler F-R, Hartley, S & Lester PJ (2011) Trophic-level responses differ at plant, plot and fragment levels in urban native forest fragments – a hierarchical analysis. Ecological Entomology 36: 241-250. abstract +

Pieris rapae - butterfly
Pieris rapae - small white butterfly

Hasenbank M, Brandon A & Hartley S (2011) White butterfly (Pieris rapae) and the white rust Albugo candida on Cook’s scurvy grass (Lepidium oleraceum). NZ Journal of Ecology 35: 69-75. abstract +

Hartley S, Krushelnycky PD & Lester PJ (2010) Integrating physiology, population dynamics and climate to make multi-scale predictions for the spread of an invasive insect: the Argentine ant at Haleakala National Park, Hawaii. Ecography 33: 83-94. abstract +

Kikillus KH, Hare KM & Hartley S (2010) Minimising false-negatives when predicting the potential distribution of an invasive species: a bioclimatic model for the red-eared slider at global and regional scales. Animal Conservation 13 (Suppl.1): 5-15. abstract +

Ward DF, Green C, Harris RJ, Hartley S, Lester PJ, Stanley MC, Suckling DM & Toft RJ (2010) Twenty years of Argentine ants in New Zealand: past research and future priorities for applied management. New Zealand Entomologist 33: 68-78. abstract +

Ting S, Hartley S & Burns KC (2008) Global patterns in fruiting seasons. Global Ecology & Biogeography 17: 648-657. abstract +

Hartley S, Harris R, & Lester PJ (2006) Quantifying uncertainty in the potential distribution of an invasive species: climate and the Argentine ant. Ecology Letters. 9: 1068-1079. abstract +

Pocock MJO, Hartley S, Telfer M, Preston CD & Kunin WE (2006) Ecological correlates of range structure in rare and scarce British plants. Journal of Ecology 94: 581-596. abstract +

Hartley S, Kunin WE, Lennon JJ & Pocock MJO (2004) Coherence and discontinuity in the scaling of species' distribution patterns. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B. 271: 81-88. abstract +

Halley, J.M., Hartley, S., Kallimanis, A.S., Kunin, W.E., Lennon, J.J. & Sgardelis, S.P. (2004) Uses and abuses of fractal methodology in ecology. Ecology Letters 7, 254-271. abstract +

Hartley S & Lester PJ (2003) Temperature-dependent development of the Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Mayr) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): a degree-day model with implications for range limits in New Zealand. New Zealand Entomologist 26, 91-100. abstract +

Hartley S & Kunin WE, (2003) The scale-dependency of rarity, extinction risk and conservation priority. Conservation Biology 17: 1559-1570. abstract +

Lennon JJ, Kunin WE & Hartley S (2002) Fractal species distributions do not produce power-law species-area relationships. Oikos 97: 378-386. abstract +

Hartley S & Shorrocks B (2002) A general framework for the aggregation model of coexistence. Journal of Animal Ecology 71: 651-662. abstract +

Kunin WE, Hartley S & Lennon JJ (2000) Scaling down: on the challenge of estimating abundance from occurrence patterns. American Naturalist 156: 560-566. abstract +

Hartley S (1998) A positive relationship between local abundance and regional occupancy is almost inevitable (but not all positive relationships are the same). Journal of Animal Ecology 67: 992-994. abstract +

Book chapters

Lennon JJ, Kunin WE, Hartley S & Gaston KJ (2007) Species distribution patterns, diversity scaling and fractals in southern African birds. pp51-76. In "Scaling Biodiversity" , Editors: David Storch, Pablo A. Marquet & James H. Brown. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Green DR & Hartley S (2000) Integrating photointerpretation and GIS for vegetation mapping: some issues of error. pp103-134. In "Vegetation Mapping: From Patch to Planet" , Editors: R.W. Alexander & A.C. Millington. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester.

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