Publications and research

Find out about the latest publications from the Centre for Strategic Studies.

Manjeet S. Pardesi: The Sino-Indian Rivalry: Implications for Global Order

Manjeet S. Pardesi recently launched a new book The Sino-Indian Rivalry: Implications for Global Order co-authored with Sumit Ganguly and William Thompson (Cambridge University Press, 2023).

In this new book, the authors argue that the Sino-Indian rivalry started almost immediately after the emergence of the two countries in the global arena. They demonstrate how the rivalry has systemic implications for both Asia and the global order. Showing how this rivalry has evolved from the late 1940s to the present day, the essays in this collection underscore its significance for global politics and highlight how the asymmetries between India and China have the potential to escalate conflict in the future.

Van Jackson: Pacific Power Paradox - American Statecraft and the Fate of the Asian Peace

New book by Van Jackson Pacific Power ParadoxSince 1979, Asia has endured threats, near-miss crises, and nuclear proliferation but no interstate war. How fragile is this “Asian peace,” and what is America’s role in it? Pacific Power Paradox argues that because Washington takes for granted that the United States is a force for good, successive presidencies have failed to see how American statecraft impedes more durable forms of security and inadvertently embrittles peace. At times, the United States has been the region’s bulwark against instability, but America has been a threat to Asian peace as much as it has been its guarantor.

Listen to the YouTube clip Institute for Peace & Diplomacy (IPD) speaks with Dr. Van Jackson.

Robert Ayson: Would New Zealand Join Australia in a War with China?

In a recent article published by the Australian Journal of International Affairs, Robert Ayson investigates the likely nature and scale of New Zealand’s Trans-Tasman alliance obligations should Australia find itself in an armed conflict with China. His study, a shorter version of which appears in the Lowy Institute’s Interpreter, looks at three scenarios: an attack on Australia, armed conflict in the South Pacific, and Australian involvement in a war with China somewhere in maritime East Asia (in the Taiwan Strait, South China Sea or East China Sea). Robert examines the formal elements of New Zealand’s obligations (including the ANZUS Treaty, the Canberra Pact, and Closer Defence Relations) as well as the informal elements (including the established patterns of New Zealand-Australian defence cooperation in missions in the immediate region).

The implications: New Zealand’s strategic future isn’t just about managing its relations with the US and China, but about what the trans-Tasman alliance means for Wellington future choices and expectations in a regional crisis or conflict.

Robert Ayson: Nuclear Escalation in a Taiwan Strait Crisis? - Asia Pacific Leadership Network

Fears of China launching a military attack against Taiwan have spiked with Chinese warplanes flying across the halfway point in the Taiwan Strait, Beijing amping up cyber pressure, and Chinese newspapers calling for missile strikes on American allies if they intervene.

In a new Special Report for the Asia Pacific Leadership Network (APLN) Professor Robert Ayson of Victoria University of Wellington, analyses the different scenarios that could trigger a nuclear war in the Taiwan strait and how it can be avoided.

Iati Iati: China’s Impact on New Zealand Foreign Policy in the Pacific

ResetIn his recent book chapter, Dr Iati Iati examines New Zealand’s ‘Pacific Reset’ (Reset) policy to determine whether it is a response to anxieties about China’s growing presence in the Pacific Islands region. He argues that the Reset is intended to address concerns about China’s increasing presence in the Pacific and is a result of the perspective New Zealand has adopted about China’s place in the region.

Manjeet Pardesi: Explaining the asymmetry in the Sino-Indian Strategic Rivalry

Ind-chinaChina views India as an asymmetric (‘lesser’) rival that has the ability to obstruct China’s grand strategic goals. China’s long-term goals are domination in East Asia followed by Asia-wide domination, and finally global pre-eminence. Manjeet Pardesi argues in his Australian Journal of International Affairs article that this asymmetric dimension of their rivalry is rooted in the ego-relevancy cognitive bias in the Chinese elites’ perceptions of Indian history and statehood.

Rob Rabel: America Divided


In his article in the New Zealand International Review, Emeritus Professor Rob Rabel argues that  divisions in America will impinge powerfully on the foreign policy-making of Joe Biden’s new administration. Biden will have to overcome on-going partisan sniping in seeking to restore coherent and principled American leadership of a rules-based liberal world order. While Biden’s pragmatic centrism will serve him well in this effort, the United States will need the support of allies and friends who understand the challenges posed by its domestic political polarisation.

VUW staff and students: Access the full article here.

Van Jackson: Trump, Not Biden, Wrecked American Power in the Pacific

pacificIn his recent article, Dr Van Jackson argues that America today is more estranged from the realities of Asian international relations than most in Trump’s Washington would care to admit. If Biden wins the presidency, he will have to expend precious political capital recovering from the risky, costly, and incoherent wagers of the past four years.

Van Jackson: The risks of Australia's solo deterrence wager


Australia's choice to against American unreliability is a bold bet but it’s pregnant with risks. The task for strategists on both sides of the Pacific is now to diagnose and come up with ways to manage them writes, Dr Van Jackson.

Van Jackson: Restoring Strategic Competence

strategicIn his recent article for the Center for New American Security, Dr Van Jackson recommends a series of principles and actions that aim to improve perceptions of U.S. reliability and restore ally faith in U.S. strategic competence.

Van Jackson: North Korea: What's behind the liaison office demolition? - BBC News

Van Jackson wrote and op-ed for the BBC news. The op-ed is part of a three person round table discussion. His piece argues that the demolition of the liaison office resulted from North Korea feeling betrayed by Trump.

North Korea

Van Jackson: On the Brink: Trump, Kim, and the Threat of Nuclear War

Van Jackson's (CSS) recent Cambridge University Press book analyzes the Trump-Kim nuclear confrontation.

In 2017, the world watched as President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un traded personal insults and escalating threats of nuclear war amid unprecedented shows of military force. Former Pentagon insider and Korean security expert Van Jackson traces the origins of the first American nuclear crisis in the post-Cold War era, and explains the fragile, highly unpredictable way that it ended. Grounded in security studies and informed analysis of the US response to North Korea's increasing nuclear threat, Trump's aggressive rhetoric is analysed in the context of prior US policy failures, the geopolitics of East Asia, North Korean strategic culture and the acceleration of its nuclear programme. Jackson argues that the Trump administration's policy of 'maximum pressure' brought the world much closer to inadvertent nuclear war than many realise - and charts a course for the prevention of future conflicts.

Dr Van Jackson, also appeared on C-Span doing the US launch of his book. Additionally, he  released a documentary companion to the book called The Nuclear Button.

Senior Fellow Dr Peter Greener: Defence Capability Plan 2019 – Climate change, concurrency and complementarity

In his recent article in the DefSec, Dr Peter Greener argues that the Defence Capability Plan is the most comprehensive argument for investment in Defence in modern times. Dr Greener has also also co authored another article with Senior Fellow, Asso. Prof. Beth Greener. The article titled, 'Capable for what? New Zealand’s 2019 Defence Capability Plan' published in the Strategist. critically analyses the 2019 Defense Capability Plan.

Past publications

The Centre for Strategic Studies has also produced a number of books, discussion papers, working papers, and strategic briefing and background papers. These can be found in our publications archive.