Arini Loader

Dr Arini Loader profile picture

Lecturer in Maori History School of History, Philosophy, Political Science & International Relations


Teaching in 2020


Ngāti Raukawa

Research interests

Māori History, New Zealand History, Indigenous Worlds, Early Māori reading, writing and texts.

Office hours

By appointment, or drop in if the door is open.


  • BA, GDArts, MA, PhD Victoria University of Wellington.

Research areas

My disciplinary background in Māori Studies enables me to dip my toes in a range of interconnected and overlapping scholarly fields. I am interested in narrative, prose & poetics, kōrero tuku iho, whakapapa, mōteatea, in the telling of stories on paper, marae & film, in archives, kitchens and at current events. My research is centered on te reo Māori texts written in the 19th century particularly but not limited to those of my own Ngāti Raukawa-Ngāti Toa Rangatira tūpuna. History, literature, and language are key threads in my kete mātauranga.

Current research

'Ngā Waiata a ngā Herehere' (with Mike Ross and Kelly Keane-Tuala), a project examining and exploring a manuscript comprised of some 230 waiata (songs) written by some of the 180 Māori men taken prisoner from the battle of Rangiriri in the New Zealand Wars.

Preparing my PhD thesis 'Tau Mai E Kapiti Te Whare Wananga O Ia, O Te Nui, O Te Wehi, O Te Toa: Reclaiming Early Raukawa-Toarangatira Writing from Otaki' (2013) for publication.

Research events

  • Conference paper, 'Ka Waiho i Roto i Tōku Ngākau Taua Ako: Those Lessons Remained in My Heart' (with Mike Ross), Hawaii International Conference on Education, (January 2018).
  • Conference paper, 'Mate i te Wāhine he Takerehāia: Māori Women, War and Waiata', Garrison Towns in the Nineteenth-century Empire symposium, (November-December 2017).
  • Conference paper, 'Mate i te Wāhine he Takerehāia: Māori Women, War and Waiata', New Zealand Historical Association Conference (NZHA), (November-December 2017).
  • Panelist, 'The NZ Wars: The Invasion of Waikato', Rā Maumahara, Ōtaki, (November 2017).
  • Seminar paper, 'Kura Huna: 'Hidden Treasures'' (with Mike Ross), History Programme, VUW, (October 2017).
  • Conference paper, 'Cacoethes Scribendi: Early Māori Writing in the 19th Century World', Selective Tradition in the Pacific: A Conference on Class, Writing and Culture, VUW, (September 2017).
  • Public paper presentation, 'Owning Our Dusky Selves: Sex, Skin and Women's Business', National Library of New Zealand Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, (August 2017).
  • Conference paper, ''If You Did Not Hear, I Will Rise Again': Te Reo Waiata a Ngā Herehere' (with Mike Ross), Māori Association of Social Science (MASS) Conference, (November 2016).
  • Seminar paper, 'Waikato Waiata, Waikato Tangata: Songs of the Rangiriri Prisoners' (with Mike Ross), History Programme, VUW, (October 2016).
  • Conference paper, 'Kaore te Mamae Ngau Kino i Ahau: Waiata Collection & Conflict', He Rau Tumu Kōrero, (June 2016).
  • Conference paper, ‘Ngā Kōrero Onamata Kua Whakairohia: Our Pasts as Made Manifest in Our Art‘, Pacific History Association (PHA) Conference, (May 2016).
  • Panelist, ‘Looking Back, Looking Forward’, New Zealand Writers Week,(March 2016).
  • Conference paper, 'Manuscripts and Memorials: Remembering Te Rauparaha', MAI Symposium, (October 2015).
  • Conference paper, 'Kei Wareware: Remembering Te Rauparaha', Indigenous Conversations About Biography, (August 2015).
  • Conference paper, 'Ngaro Atu He Tetekura: A Scroll Presented to Captain Alec Edwin by the First Māori Contingent', He Rau Tumu Kōrero, (June 2015).
  • Conference paper, 'E toku hoa aroha', Letters Between Ladies; A Collection of Correspondence Between Ruta Te Rauparaha, Pipi Te Whiwhi and Eliza Grey‘, National Library Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, (Jan 2015).
  • Keynote presentation, 'Haere Mai Me Tuhituhi He Pukapuka; Muri Iho Ka Whawhai Ai Tatou: History, Writing and Conflict; Exploring Te Rangikāheke’s Legacy', New Historians Conference (Aug 2014).
  • Conference paper, 'HIST 101: Re-Presenting History in Geoff Murphy’s Utu', He Rau Tumu Kōrero (Jul 2014).
  • Conference paper, 'Kei Wareware: A Genealogy of Māori Intellectual Continuance and Survival', Indigenous Textual Cultures Symposium (Jun-Jul 2014).
  • Conference paper, 'Spiral Time: Geoff Murphy’s Utu 1983-2013', Native American and Indigenous Studies Association (NAISA), (May 2014).
  • Conference paper, 'Reclaiming Our Stories: Reading Early Māori Writing in a Contemporary Tertiary-Level History Course', World Indigenous Peoples' Conference on Education (WIPCE), (May 2014).
  • Conference paper, 'Slow Reading Between the Lines: Waiata Hidden in Plain View', Fast Histories, Slow Reading Symposium (May 2014).
  • Conference paper, 'Reading Whakapapa in Mātene Te Whiwhi's ‘Ko te korero tenei o Maui', Mai and Indigenous PhD Candidates’ Conference (MAI) (Nov-Dec 2013).
  • Conference paper, 'Māori, Biography and History: Exploring Tāmihana Te Rauparaha’s History of Te Rauparaha', New Zealand Historical Association Conference (NZHA) (Nov 2013).

Select publications

  • ‘Reading Te Rauparaha: Kei Wareware’, T. Ballantyne, L. Paterson, A. Wanhalla, eds, Indigenous Textual Cultures, (forthcoming).
  • Review of ‘Outcasts of the Gods: The Struggles Over Slavery in Maori New Zealand’ by Hazel Petrie Australian Historical Studies, 48, 2, 2017, pp. 305-306.
  • 'Kei Wareware': Remembering Te Rauparaha, Biography, 39, 3, 2016, pp. 339-365,
  • 'Early Māori Literature: The Writing of Hakaraia Kiharoa', M. Williams, ed, A History of New Zealand Literature, Cambridge (2016).
  • 'Waiata Tawhito: Traditional Māori Songs', Te Ara-Encyclopedia of New Zealand, 2015, with Rawinia Higgins.
  • Review of ‘Ko Tautoro te Pito o Tōku Ao: A Ngāpuhi Narrative’ by Hōne Sadler for The Journal of New Zealand Studies, 21, 2015, pp. 103-105.
  • 'Portrait Photographs', double-page spread in Atholl Anderson, Judith Binney, Aroha Harris, Tangata Whenua: An Illustrated History, (Wellington: Bridget Williams Books: 2014), 254-255. ISBN 9789781927131411.
  • Review of ‘In/visible Sight: The Mixed Descent Families of Southern New Zealand’ by Angela Wanhalla for The Journal of New Zealand Studies, 17, 2014, pp. 118-120.
  • 'Me Whakairi Ngā Kōrero Ki Ngā Pakitara O Te Whare: He Kākano Ahau I Ruia Mai I Rangiātea', Te Pouhere Kōrero 5: Māori History, Māori People (2011), 33-45..
  • 'Casting The Net Wider: Native American Literary Nationalism in Aotearoa', Te Pouhere Kōrero 4: Māori History, Māori People (2010), 51-60.
  • 'Kotahi Anō Te Tupuna O Te Tangata Māori: Editing Te Rangikāheke’s Manuscripts, Editing People', He Kāhui Kura Māori, 0: 1.

Recent theses completed under supervision

Honours research essays

  • Kiriana Haze, 'Custom Versus Law: Representations of Whāngai in Niki Caro's Whale Rider (2002) and Taika Waititi's Boy (2010)', (2017), with Associate Professor Giacomo Lichtner.
  • Eleanor Green, 'Body Politics in the Time of the Treaty of Waitangi', (2017), with Professor Charlotte Macdonald.
  • Hannah Small, 'Race and Equality in the 1959-60 "No Maoris, No Tour" Protest Movement', (2015), with Professor Charlotte Macdonald.
  • Stephanie Warren, 'A Korao No New Zealand: An Analysis of Cross-Cultural Communication in 1815 New Zealand', (2014).

MA theses


Teaching in 2020