New Zealand Centre of International Economic Law People

Co-director and founding co-director

Professor · Chair in Intellectual Property and International Trade
Faculty of Law

Susy’s research focuses on international intellectual property law. She teaches courses in intellectual property (including copyright, patents and trade marks), patent law and innovation, global intellectual property issues, international trade law, the protection of traditional knowledge and regulation.

Susy has published widely and is frequently invited to give conference presentations on various aspects of intellectual property and its nexus with trade law and international regulatory issues.

From 2011 to 2013 Susy was the project leader of the New Zealand Law Foundation Regulatory Reform Project, funded to NZ$1.8 million. The project produced a cutting-edge regulatory toolkit.


Professor of Law · Director of Postgraduate Studies
Faculty of Law

Alberto Costi is an Associate Professor of Law at Victoria University of Wellington.

He holds degrees from the Université de Montréal, the College of Europe in Bruges and Harvard Law School. His teaching and research interests relate to public international law, including the law of international organisations, the law of armed conflict, international human rights law and international environmental law, as well as comparative law and EU law.

In all those areas, he has published extensively, presented papers at numerous international conferences, commented in the media and appeared before parliamentary committees.

Many aspects of Alberto’s research include discussion of the impacts of international events on economic development, the role of international law in promoting economic growth in transition economies and developing states, and the use of soft law in financial regulation.

Alberto presented a paper on the negotiation of an economic partnership agreement between the EU and Pacific Islands at the international trade conference “Trade Agreements: Where do we go from here?” organised by the NZCIEL in 2009, and he was a co-organiser of the 2011 conference “Enhancing Stability in the International Economic Order” and co-editor of the volume of essays produced from that conference (with Susy Frankel).

He currently sits on the editorial boards of six journals and serves as Vice-President of the New Zealand Association for Comparative Law and Secretary-General of the International Law Association New Zealand Branch.

Associate Professor in Commercial Law
Faculty of Law

Matteo’s research interests focus broadly on corporate and financial law.

He is particularly interested in the study of post-trading regulation and the law of intermediated securities. He has written a monograph titled Legal Evolution and Hybridization—The Law of Shares Transfer in England (Intersentia) in 2014, co-authored textbooks on corporate and commercial law and has written articles on European, English and Scottish company law, takeover regulation, Italian banking law, clearing and settlement of securities.

In 2008, Matteo worked as legal researcher at the Financial Markets Law Committee c/o Bank of England on financial collateral, intermediated securities and legal aspects of financial market infrastructure.

In 2015 he acted as expert consultant for the Unidroit to assist in the drafting of the Unidroit Legislative Guide on principles and rules capable of enhancing trading in securities in emerging markets, to supplement the 2009 Unidroit Convention on Substantive Rules for Intermediated Securities.

Matteo is an academic member of the Banking and Financial Services Law Association (BFSLA) and of the Corporate and Financial Law Reading Group at Victoria University of Wellington.

Prior to undertaking an academic career, Matteo practiced corporate and financial law in Italy. He is also qualified in England and Wales and an academic member of the Honorable Society of the Lincoln’s Inn.

Matteo holds degrees from Universita’ Cattolica (LL.B.), Warwick University (LL.M.) and LSE (PhD). In 2015 Matteo, with Victoria Stace, co-founded the Law School’s Corporate and Financial Law Reading Group, an initiative to provide a forum for discussion of common interests and work-in-progress presentations from academics, solicitors and other professionals working in the fields of corporate and financial law.

Senior Lecturer · Director, Master of International Trade
Faculty of Law

Dr Michelle Q Zang holds the Bachelor in Law (Fudan University, Shanghai, 2004), LLM in European Legal Studies (Distinction, Durham University, UK, 2006) and PhD in EU Law and WTO Law (Durham University, UK, 2010).

Dr Zang specialises, publishes and teaches in international economic law and European law. Before joining Victoria University of Wellington, she completed post-doc research respectively as Emile Noël Fellow at Jean Monnet Center, NYU Law School (2010–2011) and at PluriCourts—Centre for the Study of the Legitimate Roles of the Judiciary in the Global Order, University of Oslo (2014–2018).

She also worked for the Appellate Body Secretariat of the WTO (2011) and King & Wood Mallesons, Beijing (2012–2013).

Founding co-director

Associate Professor
Faculty of Law

Meredith holds an appointment at Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington and also at SUNY Buffalo Law School.

Meredith’s research focuses on international economic law, with a particular emphasis on international trade law and the World Trade Organization. She teaches public and private international law subjects, including International Trade Law and International Business Transactions.

She is also Director of the Canada–United States Legal Studies Centre. Meredith is Co-Executive Vice President and a founding member of the Society of International Economic Law; a member of the International Law Association’s International Trade Law Committee; and co-chair of the American Society of International Law’s “Law in the Pacific Rim Region” interest group.

Faculty affiliates

Gordon’s primary expertise is in employment law but he has also has a strong interest in aspects of international trade law. His extensive scholarship on employment law includes:

  • Employment Law in New Zealand (LexisNexis, Wellington, 2014).
  • Reconstructing New Zealand Labour Law: Consensus or Divergence? (Victoria University Press, Wellington, 2011).
  • Labour Law in New Zealand (Wolters Kluwer, The Netherlands, 2011).

His work on international trade law includes:

  • “Free Trade Agreements: New Zealand’s Experience in the Asia–Pacific Region.” (2008) 11 Taiwanese Journal of WTO Studies 63.
  • “SPS Measures and the Export of Primary Products: Protection and Protectionism.” (2005) 2 Taiwanese Journal of WTO Studies 1.
  • “The SPS Agreement: Some issues for Small Island States” (2005) ch 7 in in Droit de l’Environnement dans le Pacifique: Problématiques et Perspectives Croisées/Environmental Law in the Pacific: International and Comparative Perspectives. A. C. a. Y.-L. Sage. Wellington, New Zealand Association for Comparative Law/Association de Législation Comparée des Pays du Pacifique.

Gordon has also presented conference papers on New Zealand’s FTAs:

  • “Free Trade Agreements: New Zealand’s Experience in the Asia–Pacific Region” (Sixth Annual Academic Conference on WTO and China and the Global Trade Development Forum, Beijing 9–12 November 2007).
  • “New Zealand’s Economic Integration into Asia” (International Conference on Trade in Services and Asian Economic Integration: Implications for Taiwan, Taipei November 14, 2013).

Faculty of Law

Richard specialises in natural resources law, property law, Māori legal issues and legal history.

He has also authored or co-authored various books and articles in these fields, including A New Zealand Legal History (2004); Foreshore and Seabed (2005); Buying the Land, Selling the Land, (2008) which was awarded the Montana Book award for history in 2009; and a critical edition of Native Land Court Decisions, The Native Land Court 1862–1887: A Historical Study, Cases and Commentary (2013).

Richard’s particular interests are in the areas of land and land tenure, and the interrelationships between land tenure and political economy (which he explored in detail in his 2009 book, Buying the Land, Selling the Land) in the New Zealand law Foundation Regulatory Reform Project Richard co-authored chapters about property rights and regulatory takings in New Zealand and the relationship between regulatory takings with international investment law.

In 2012 Richard was awarded a Marsden grant to research comparative tenurial change around the pacific rim in the 19th century. Extensive knowledge of land and property underpins his research and analysis of land economy.

He has a particular interest in Latin American parallels with New Zealand legal history and is also engaged in researching this area and has developed a number of links with economic and legal historians in a number of Latin American countries, including Mexico and Uruguay.

He also has appeared as counsel and as an expert historical witness on numerous occasions in the Māori Land Court and the Waitangi Tribunal, and in 2009 was a member of the review panel appointed by the Attorney-General to review the operation of the Foreshore and Seabed Act 2004.

Professor of Law · Associate Dean Academic Programmes
Faculty of Law

Petra is a leading authority on international commercial contracts.

She has published widely on that subject, including, together with the late Professor Peter Schlechtriem, UN Law on International Sales (Springer, 2008, 2nd edition forthcoming 2015). Petra is New Zealand’s CLOUT correspondent for the CISG and the United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts. In 2012 the CISG Advisory Council followed Petra’s invitation to hold its annual meeting in Wellington.

The CISG Advisory Council meeting was co-sponsored by NZCIEL. In addition, she specialises in domestic and international human rights and is, inter alia, the co-author (with A butler) of The New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990: a commentary (Lexis Nexis, 2006, 2nd edition forthcoming 2015). Petra has advised the Government and private clients on issues in both her areas of research expertise.

Petra has held visiting appointments at the Chinese University of Political Science and Law (Beijing), the University of Melbourne, the University of Adelaide, Bucerius Law School (Hamburg), Universidad de Navarra (Pamplona), and Northwestern University Law School (Chicago). She also has been involved in various roles in the Vis Moot for over 10 years.

Petra is a graduate of the University of Göttingen and was a clerk at the South African Constitutional Court.

Before joining Victoria University of Wellington, she worked for the Ministry of Justice’s Bill of Rights/Human Rights Team. She was a member of the National Advisory Council to the Human Rights Commission for the National Plan of Action for Human Rights. In 2004 she was the Holgate Fellow, Grey College, Durham University and in 2008 she held a Senior Fellowship at the University of Melbourne.

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Bevan Marten

Bevan’s research focuses on maritime and transport law.

His recent book, Port State Jurisdiction and the Regulation of International Merchant Shipping (Springer, 2013) explores the extent to which international law enables states to regulate foreign-flagged vessels visiting their ports. Other recent publications highlight Bevan’s interest in the international regulatory aspects of the maritime sector, and the intersections between domestic and international, private and public law inherent in this field.

Bevan is a member of the Maritime Law Association of Australia and New Zealand (MLAANZ), and takes an active role in the Association’s law reform programme.

Senior Lecturer

Faculty of Law

Paul’s area of interest is primarily competition law.

He has undergraduate degrees in law and economics and a masters in law. He previously worked as a litigation lawyer at the Commerce Commission and Crown Law. He has written and contributed to a number of articles, chapters and books on competition law and regulated industries, some of them scholarly.

Senior Research Fellow

Faculty of Law

Guy Fiti Sinclair was a Senior Lecturer at Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington Law School. His principal area of scholarship and teaching is public international law, with a focus on international organisations law, international economic law, the history and theory of international law, and law and global governance.

His work has appeared in the European Journal of International Law, the Melbourne Journal of International Law, and the Journal of the History of International Law, among other venues. Dr. Sinclair is the author of To Reform the World: The Legal Powers of International Organizations and the Making of Modern States (Oxford University Press, 2017).

He is currently working on a project on ‘Making International Economic Law: The Interaction of Institutions’, supported by a Marsden Fund Fast-Start Grant, awarded by the Royal Society of New Zealand. Dr. Sinclair holds first-class degrees in Law and History from the University of Auckland, and a Doctorate from New York University School of Law, where he was a Fulbright scholar.

He worked for over ten years as a corporate and commercial lawyer in leading U.S., English, and Australasian firms, and in a variety of in-house roles. He is an Associate Director of the New Zealand Centre for Public Law and the Associate Editor of the European Journal of International Law.

Senior Lecturer · Honours Coordinator
Faculty of Law

Victoria teaches company and partnership law, insolvency law and financial markets law.

She has authored or co-authored two books on financial markets law: “Securities Law in New Zealand” (2010) and “Financial Market Conduct Regulation, A Practitioner’s Guide” (2014). Recently published research relates to financial adviser regulation in New Zealand and directors’ duties and liabilities.

She has a particular interest in financial markets law and regulation. She has worked in private practice in Wellington for around 20 years as a commercial lawyer and was a partner at Chapman Tripp.

She was an adjunct lecturer at Victoria University of Wellington for several years before becoming a lecturer in 2015.

In 2015 Victoria, with Matteo Solinas, co-founded the Law School’s Corporate and Financial Law Reading Group, an initiative to provide a forum for discussion of common interests and work-in-progress presentations from academics, solicitors and other professionals working in the fields of corporate and financial law.

Research affiliates

Daniel Gervais profile-picture photograph

Daniel Gervais


Daniel J Gervais is Professor of Law at Vanderbilt University Law School and Director of the Vanderbilt Intellectual Property Program, where he also serves as Faculty Director of the Master’s Program and Faculty Advisor to the Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment and Technology Law.

He is Editor-in-Chief of the peer-reviewed Journal of World Intellectual Property and editor of

Prior to joining Vanderbilt, he was the Acting Dean, University Research Chair in Intellectual Property and Osler Professor of Law at the Faculty of Law of the University of Ottawa (Common Law Section).

Before he joined the Academy, Prof. Gervais was successively Legal Officer at the GATT (now WTO); Head of Section at the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO); and Vice-President, International relations of Massachusetts-based Copyright Clearance Center, Inc (CCC).

He also served as consultant to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in Paris and the author of several books, book chapters and articles published in six different languages.

Dr. Gervais studied computer science and law at McGill University and at the University of Montreal, where he also obtained LLB and LLM. degrees and received several awards. He received a Diploma summa cum laude from the Institute of Advanced International Studies in Geneva and a doctorate magna cum laude from the University of Nantes (France).

He lectured as visiting professor at several universities in Europe (including CEIPI and Sciences Po Paris) and Israel. He was recently (2012) elected to the Academia Europaea (Academy of Europe). Dr Gervais’ publications are available at: SSRN and a full cv is available. Twitter: @DanielGervaisIP.

Professor Gervais, was co academic organiser (with Susy Frankel) of the 2012 conference “Evolution and Equilibrium: Copyright this Century”.

Michelle Limenta profile-picture photograph

Michelle Limenta


Michelle currently serves as the Deputy-Director of the Center for International Trade and Investment (CITI) at Pelita Harapan University, Indonesia.

Michelle Limenta holds a Bachelor of Laws from Trisakti University, Indonesia and a Master of Laws from Leiden University, the Netherlands. She was awarded a doctoral scholarship to pursue her PhD at Victoria University of Wellington.

In 2012 she successfully completed her PhD thesis, “Non-Compliance in WTO Dispute Settlement: Assessing the Effectiveness of WTO Retaliation from its Purpose(s)”.

Following the completion of her PhD, Michelle was appointed as a postdoctoral fellow at the New Zealand Centre for International Economic Law (NZCIEL). She has also advised and conducted research for public and private agencies on trade policy and WTO law.

Monique Egli Costi profile-picture photograph

Monique Egli Costi

Monique is an independent scholar currently completing a reference monograph on the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO) for Kluwer Law International.

She has participated in the Visitors Programme of the Victoria University of Wellington Law School since November 2011 (intermittently) and has been a Visiting Scholar (chercheure invitée) at the Centre d’études en droit économique, Faculté de droit, Université Laval, Québec City, Canada, in March 2014.

In recent years, Ms Egli Costi has been invited to speak on a range of issues relating to international financial regulation, foreign direct investment, the global financial crisis, global governance, and the fight against money laundering, at international conferences, notably in the frameworks of the Academic Council on the United Nations System (ACUNS), the Australian and New Zealand Society of International Law (ANZSIL), the Canadian Council on International Law (CCIL), the International Economic Law Interest Group of the American Society of International Law (ASIL), and the New Zealand Centre of International Economic Law (NZCIEL).

She is a member of ACUNS, ANZSIL, CCIL, as well as of the Society of International Economic Law (SIEL) and the New Zealand Association for Comparative Law (NZACL).

Prior to turning to academic research, Ms Egli Costi was Head of International Affairs at the New Zealand Securities Commission and its successor Financial Markets Authority until the end of June 2011.

She holds an MPhil in International Relations from the University of Cambridge, a degree in political science and public administration from the Université Libre de Bruxelles, and a postgraduate business degree from the Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

Monique’s recent publications include Egli Costi, Monique “Institutional Evolution and Characteristics of the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO)” (2014) 20 New Zealand Association for Comparative Law Yearbook 199-232; (2015) 21 Comparative Law Journal of the Pacific/Journal de Droit Comparé du Pacifique 199-232.