Andrew Mackintosh

News and Views

Lorrey, A., Mackintosh, A. and Anderson, B. (2018). ‘A bird’s eye view of New Zealand’s changing glaciers’. The Conversation

McSweeney, R. (2017). ‘Cluster of cold years’ behind New Zealand’s surprising glacier growth’. Carbon Brief

Balance, A. (2017). ‘The unusual case of the growing glaciers’. RNZ.'growing'-glaciers

Meduna, V. (2015). ‘Antarctic glacier’s past rapid retreat’. RNZ's-past-rapid-retreat

Meduna, V. (2012). ‘Iconic Glaciers’. RNZ

Denton, G.H., (2011). Palaeoclimate: East Antarctic RetreatNature Geoscience 'News and Views' 4: 135-136.

Balco, G., (2009). The geographic footprint of glacier changeScience 324(5927): 599-600.

Bierman, P., (2007). Cosmogenic glacial dating, 20 years and countingGeology35(6): 575-576.

Reilly, M., (2007). Antarctic bastion reveals Achilles heel. New Scientist 194(2609): 15.

Smalley, E., (2007). Cryosphere: Sheet Stability. Nature Reports Climate Change 2: 19.

Peer-reviewed journal articles


Eaves, S.R., Mackintosh, A.N. and Anderson, B.M. (2019). 'Climate amelioration during the Last Glacial Maximum recorded by a sensitive mountain glacier in New Zealand'. The Geological Society of America. 47: 299-302. doi:10.1130/G45543.1


Allison, I., Hock, R., King, M.A. and Mackintosh, A.N., (2018). 'Future Earth and the Cryosphere'. In (Tom Beer, Jianping Li, Keith Alverson Eds). Global Change and Future Earth: The Geoscience Perspective 3. Chapter 7, pg 91-113. Cambridge University Press, ISBN: 9781107171596

Anacona, P.I., Norton, K., Mackintosh, A., Escobar, F., Allen, S., Mazzorana, B., Schaefer, M., (2018). Dynamics of an outburst flood originating from a small and high-altitude glacier in the Arid Andes of Chile. Natural Hazards: 1-27. doi:10.1007/s11069-018-3376-y

Eaves, S.R., Collins, J.A., Jones, R.S., Norton, K.P., Tims, S.G. and Mackintosh, A.N., (2018). Further constraint of the in situ cosmogenic 10Be production rate in pyroxene and a viability test for late Quaternary exposure dating. Quaternary Geochronology, 48: 121-132. doi:10.1016/j.quageo.2018.09.006

Purdie, H., Anderson, B., Mackintosh, A. and Lawson, W., (2018). Revisiting glaciological measurements on Haupapa/Tasman Glacier, New Zealand, in a contemporary context. Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography. doi:10.1080/04353676.2018.1522958


Cullen, N.J., Anderson, B., Sirguey, P., Stumm, D., Mackintosh, A., Conway, J.P., Horgan, H.J., Dadic, R., Fitzsimons, S.J., Lorrey, A., (2017). An 11-year record of mass balance of Brewster Glacier, New Zealand, determined using a geostatistical approach. Journal of Glaciology 63: 199-217. doi:10.1017/jog.2016.128

Doughty, A.M., Mackintosh, A.N., Anderson, B.M., Dadic, R., Putnam, A.E., Barrell, D.J.A., Denton, G.H., Chinn, T.J.H., Schaefer, J.M., (2017). An exercise in glacier length modeling: Interannual climatic variability alone cannot explain Holocene glacier fluctuations in New Zealand. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 470: 48-53. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2017.04.032

Eaves, S., Anderson, B.M., and Mackintosh, A.N., (2017). Glacier-based climate reconstructions for the last glacial–interglacial transition: Arthur’s Pass, New Zealand (43°S). Journal of Quaternary Science 32(6): 877–887. doi: 10.1002/jqs.2904

Jones, R.S., Norton, K.P., Mackintosh, A.N., Anderson, J.T.H., Kubik, P., Vockenhuber, C., Wittmann, H., Fink, D., Wilson, G.S., Golledge, N.R., McKay, R., (2017). Cosmogenic nuclides constrain surface fluctuations of an East Antarctic outlet glacier since the Pliocene. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 480: 75-86. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2017.09.014

Mackintosh, A.N., Anderson, B.M., and Pierrehumbert, R.T., (2017). Reconstructing climate from glaciers. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 45: 649-680. doi:10.1146/annurev-earth-063016-020643

Mackintosh, A.N., Anderson, B.M., Lorrey, A.M., Renwick, J.A., Frei, P., Dean, S.M., (2017). Regional cooling caused recent New Zealand glacier advances in a period of global warming. Nature Communications 8: 14202. doi:10.1038/ncomms14202


Eaves, S.R., Anderson, B.M., Mackintosh, A.N., (2016). Glacier-based climate reconstructions for the last glacial-interglacial transition: Arthur’s Pass, New Zealand (43 °S). Journal of Quaternary Science. doi:10.1002/jqs.2904

Eaves, S.R., Mackintosh, A.N., Anderson, B.M., Doughty, A.M., Townsend, D.B., Conway, C.E., Winckler, G., Schaefer, J.M., Leonard, G.S., Calvert, A.T., (2016). The Last Glacial Maximum in the central North Island, New Zealand: Palaeoclimate inferences from glacier modelling. Climate of the Past 12: 943-960. doi:10.5194/cp-12-943-2016

Eaves, S.R., Mackintosh, A.N., Winckler, G., Schaefer, J.M., Alloway, B.V., Townsend, D.B., (2016). A Cosmogenic 3He chronology of late Quaternary glacier fluctuations in North Island, New Zealand (39°S). Quaternary Science Reviews 132: 40-56. doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.11.004

Jones, R.S., Golledge, N.R., Mackintosh, A.N., Norton, K.P., (2016). Past and present dynamics of Skelton Glacier, Transantarctic Mountains. Antarctic Science 28(5): 371-386. doi:10.1017/S0954102016000195

Sattler, K., Anderson, B., Mackintosh, A., Norton, K., de Roiste, M., (2016). Estimating permafrost distribution in the maritime Southern Alps, New Zealand, based on climatic conditions at rock glacier sites. Frontiers in Earth Science 4: 4. doi:10.3389/feart.2016.00004


Bravo, C., Rojas, M., Anderson, B.M., Mackintosh, A.N., Sagredo, E., Moreno, P.I., (2015). Modelled glacier equilibrium line altitudes during the mid-Holocene in the southern mid-latitudes. Climate of the Past 11: 1575-1586. doi:10.5194/cp-11-1575-2015

Eaves, S.R., Winckler, G., Schaefer, J.M., Vandergoes, M.J., Alloway, B.V., Mackintosh, A.N., Townsend, D.B., Ryan, M.T., and Li, X., (2015). A test of the cosmogenic 3He production rate in the south-west Pacific (39°S). Journal of Quaternary Science 30(1): 79-87. doi:10.1002/jqs.2760

Iribarren Anacona, P., Mackintosh, A., and Norton, K., (2015). Hazardous processes and events from glacier and permafrost areas: lessons from the Chilean and Argentinean Andes. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 40(1): 2-21. doi:10.1002/esp.3524

Iribarren Anacona, P., Mackintosh, A., and Norton, K., (2015). Reconstruction of a glacial lake outburst flood (GLOF) in the Engaño Valley, Chilean Patagonia: Lessons for GLOF risk management. Science of the Total Environment 527-528: 1-11. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.04.096

Jones, R.S., Mackintosh, A.N., Norton, K.P., Golledge, N.R., Fogwill, C.J., Kubik, P.W., Christl M., Greenwood, S.L., (2015). Rapid Holocene thinning of an East Antarctic outlet glacier driven by marine ice sheet instability. Nature Communications 6: 8910. doi:10.1038/ncomms9910 (open access)

Kehrl, L.M., Horgan, H.J., Anderson, B.M., Dadic, R., Mackintosh, A.N., (2015).  Glacier velocity and water input variability in a maritime environment: Franz Josef Glacier, New Zealand. Journal of Glaciology 61(228): 663-674.

Solomina, O.N., Bradley, R.S., Hodgson, D.A., Ivy-Ochs, S., Jomelli, V., Mackintosh, A.N., et al., (2015). Holocene glacier fluctuations. Quaternary Science Reviews 111: 9-34. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.11.018


Anderson, B.M., Willis, I., Goodsell, B., Banwell, A., Owens, I., Mackintosh, A., Lawson, W., (2014). Annual to daily ice velocity and water pressure variations on Ka Roimata o Hine Hukatere / Franz Josef Glacier, New Zealand. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 46(4): 919-932. doi:10.1657/1938-4246-46.4.919

Fogwill, C., Bingham, R., Mackintosh, A., Marchant, D., (2014). Standing on the shoulders of giants. Antarctic Science 26(6): 601-602. doi:10.1017/S095410201400073X

Fyke, J., Eby, M., Mackintosh, A., Weaver, A., (2014). Impact of climate sensitivity and polar amplification on projections of Greenland Ice Sheet loss. Climate Dynamics 43(7-8): 2249-2260. doi:10.1007/s00382-014-2050-7

Hodgson, D., et al., (incl. Mackintosh, A.), (2014). Terrestrial and submarine evidence for the extent and timing of the Last Glacial Maximum and the onset of deglaciation on the maritime-Antarctic and sub-Antarctic islands. Quaternary Science Reviews 100: 137-158. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.12.001

Iribarren Anacona, P., Norton, K.P., and Mackintosh, A., (2014). Moraine-dammed lake failures in Patagonia and assessment of outburst susceptibility in the Baker Basin. Natural Hazards Earth Systems Sciences 14: 3243-3259. doi:10.5194/nhess-14-3243-2014

Mackintosh, A.N., Verleyen, E., O'Brien, P.E., White, D.A., Jones, R.S., McKay, R., Dunbar, R., Gore, D.B., Fink, D., Post, A.L., Miura, H., Leventer, A., Godwin, I., Hodgson, D.A., Lilly, K., Crosta, X., Golledge, N.R., Wagner, B., Berg, S., van Ommen, T., Zwartz, D., Roberts, S.J., Vyverman, W., Masse, G., (2014).  Retreat history of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet since the Last Glacial Maximum. Quaternary Science Reviews 100: 10-30. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.07.024. open access URL

Purdie, H., Anderson, B., Chinn, T., Owens, T., Mackintosh, A., Lawson, W., (2014). Franz Josef and Fox glaciers, New Zealand: Historic length records. Global and Planetary Change 121: 41-52. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2014.06.008

The RAISED Consortium (incl. Mackintosh, A.N.), (2014). A community-based geological reconstruction of Antarctic Ice Sheet deglaciation since the Last Glacial Maximum. Quaternary Science Reviews 100: 1-9.


Bostock, H.C., Barrows, T.T., Carter, L., Chase, Z., Cortese, G., Dunbar, G.B., Ellwood, M., Hayward, B., Howard, W., Neil, H.L., Noble, T.L., Mackintosh, A., Moss, T., Moy, A.D., White, D., Williams, M.J.M., Armand, L.K., (2013). A review of the Australian-New Zealand sector of the Southern Ocean over the last 30 ka (Aus-INTIMATE project). Quaternary Science Reviews 74: 35-57. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.07.018

Dadic, R., Mott, R., Lehning, M. Carenzo, M., Anderson, B., Mackintosh, A., (2013). Sensitivity of turbulent fluxes to wind speed over snow surfaces in different climate settings. Advances in Water Resources 55: 178-189. doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2012.06.010

Doughty, A., Anderson, B., Mackintosh, A., Kaplan, M., Vandergoes, M., Barrell, D., Denton, G., Schaefer, J., Chinn, T., Putnam, A. (2013). Evaluation of Lateglacial temperatures in the Southern Alps of New Zealand based on glacier modelling at Irishman Stream, Ben Ohau Range. Quaternary Science Reviews 74: 160-169. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.09.013

Kaplan, M.R., Schaefer, J.M., Denton, G.H., Doughty, A.M., Barrell, D.J.A., Chinn, T.J.H., Putnam, A.E., Andersen, B.G., Mackintosh, A., Finkel, R.C., Schwartz, R., Anderson, B., (2013). The anatomy of long-term warming since 15 ka in New Zealand based on net glacier snowline rise. Geology 41: 887-890. doi:10.1130/G34288.1

Lorrey, A., Fauchereau, N., Stanton, C., Chappell, P., Phipps, S., Mackintosh, A., Renwick, J., Goodwin, I., Fowler, A., (2013). The Little Ice Age climate of New Zealand reconstructed from Southern Alps cirque glaciers: A synoptic type approach. Climate Dynamics 42(11-12): 3039-3060. doi:10.1007/s00382-013-1876-8


Anderson B., and Mackintosh, A., (2012). Controls on mass balance sensitivity of maritime glaciers in the Southern Alps, New Zealand: The role of debris-cover. Journal of Geophysical Research 117: F01003. doi:10.1029/2011JF002064

Golledge, N.R., Fogwill, C.J., Mackintosh, A.M., Buckley, K.M., (2012). Dynamics of the Last Glacial Maximum Antarctic ice-sheet and its response to ocean forcing. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109(40): 16052-10056. doi:10.1073/pnas.1205385109

Golledge, N., Mackintosh, A., Anderson, B., Buckley, K., Doughty, A., Barrell, D.J.A., Denton, G.H., Vandergoes, M., Andersen, B., Schaefer, J., (2012). Last Glacial Maximum climate in New Zealand inferred from a modelled Southern Alps icefield. Quaternary Science Reviews 46: 30-45. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.05.004

Lorrey, A., Vandergoes, M., Almond, P., Renwick, J., Stephens, T., Bostock, H., Mackintosh, A., Newnham, R., Williams, P.W., Ackerley, D., Neil, H., Fowlere, A.M., (2012). Palaeocirculation across New Zealand during the Last Glacial Maximum at ~21 ka. Quaternary Science Reviews 36: 189-213. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.09.025

McKinnon, K.A., Mackintosh, A., Anderson, B., Barrell, D.J.A., (2012). The influence of sub-glacial bed evolution on ice extent: a model-based evaluation of the Last Glacial Maximum Pukaki glacier, New Zealand. Quaternary Science Reviews 57: 46-57. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.10.002


Fyke, J., Weaver, A., Pollard, D., Eby, M., Carter, L., Mackintosh, A., (2011). A new coupled ice sheet-climate model: description and sensitivity to Eemian, Last Glacial Maximum, late Holocene and modern conditions. Geoscientific Model Development 4: 117-136. doi:10.5194/gmd-4-117-2011

Mackintosh, A., Golledge, N., Domack, E., Dunbar, R., Leventer, A., White, D., Pollard, D., Deconto, R., Fink, D., Zwartz, D., Gore, D., Lavoie, C., (2011). Retreat of the East Antarctic ice sheet during the last glacial termination. Nature Geoscience 4: 95-202. doi:10.1038/ngeo1061

Purdie, H., Anderson, B., Lawson, W., Mackintosh, A., (2011). Controls on spatial variability in snow accumulation on glaciers in the Southern Alps, New Zealand; as revealed by crevasse stratigraphy. Hydrological Processes 25(1): 54-63. doi:10.1002/hyp.7816

Purdie, H., Mackintosh, A., Lawson, W., Anderson B., (2011). Synoptic influences on snow accumulation on glaciers east and west of a topographic divide: Southern Alps, New Zealand. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 43(1): 82-94. doi:10.1002/hyp.7816

Purdie, H., Mackintosh, A., Lawson, W., Anderson, B., Chinn, T., Mayewski, P., (2011). Interannual variability in net accumulation on Tasman Glacier and its relationship with climate. Global and Planetary Change 77(3-4): 142-152. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2011.04.004

White, D., Fülöp, R., Bishop, P., Mackintosh, A., Cook, G., (2011). Can in-situ cosmogenic 14C be used to assess the influence of clast recycling on exposure dating of ice retreat in Antarctica? Quaternary Geochronology 6(3-4): 289-294. doi:10.1016/j.quageo.2011.03.004


Anderson, B., Mackintosh, A., Stumm, D. George, L., Kerr, T., Winter-Billington A., Fitzsimons, S., (2010). Climate sensitivity of a high precipitation glacier in New Zealand. Journal of Glaciology 56(195): 114-128. doi:10.3189/002214310791190929

Fyke, J., Weaver, A., Carter, L., Mackintosh, A.,  (2010). Surface melting over ice shelves and ice sheets as assessed from modeled surface air temperatures Journal of Climate 23: 1929-1936. doi:10.1175/2009JCLI3122.1

Purdie, H., Bertler, N., Mackintosh, A., Baker, J. Rhodes, R., (2010). Isotopic and elemental changes in winter snow accumulation on glaciers in the Southern Alps of New Zealand. Journal of Climate 23: 4737-4749. doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3701.1

2009 - 2007

Schaefer, J.M., Denton, G.H., Kaplan, M., Putnam, A., Finkel, R.C., Barrell, D.J.A., Andersen, B.G., Schwartz, R., Mackintosh, A., Chinn, T., Schluchter, C., (2009). High-frequency Holocene glacier fluctuations in New Zealand differ from the northern signature. Science 324: 622-625. doi:10.1126/science.1169312

McCarthy, A., Mackintosh, A., Rieser, U., Fink, D. (2008). Mountain glacier chronology from Boulder Lake, New Zealand, indicates MIS 4 and MIS 2 ice advances of similar extent. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 40(4): 695-708. Online ISSN:1938-4246

Mackintosh, A., White, D., Fink, D., Gore, D., Pickard, J., Fanning, P., (2007). Exposure ages from mountain dipsticks in Mac.Robertson Land, East Antarctica, indicate little change in ice-sheet thickness since the Last Glacial Maximum. Geology 35(6): 551-554. doi: 10.1130/G23503A.1

Alloway, B.V., Lowe, D.J., Barrell, D.J.A., Newnham, R.M., Almond, P.C., Augustinus, P.C., Bertler, N.A.N., Carter. L., Litchfield, N.J., McGlone, M.S., Shulmeister, J., Vandergoes, M.J., Williams, P.W., Anderson, B., Brackley, H., Burge, P., Mackintosh, A., and NZ-INTIMATE members (2007). Towards a climate event stratigraphy for New Zealand over the past 30 000 years (NZ-INTIMATE project). Journal of Quaternary Science,22(1): 9-35. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.04.002

2006 - 2000

Mackintosh, A., Barrows, T., Colhoun, E., Fifield, I., (2006). Exposure dating and glacial reconstruction at Mt. Field, Australia identifies MIS 3 and MIS 2 glacial advances and climatic variability. Journal of Quaternary Science 21(4): 363-376. doi: 10.1002/jqs.989

Anderson, B. and Mackintosh, A., (2006). Temperature change is the major driver of late-glacial and Holocene glacier fluctuations in New Zealand. Geology 34(2): 121-124. doi: 10.1130/G22151.1

Anderson, B. and Mackintosh, A., (2006). Comment on Synoptic climate change as a driver of late Quaternary glaciations in the mid-latitudes of the Southern Hemisphere. In Rother, H. and Shulmeister, J., Climate of the Past Discussions 1: S161-S167, 2005. open access URL

Mackintosh, A., Dugmore, A., and Hubbard, A., (2002). Holocene climatic changes in Iceland: Evidence from modelling glacier length fluctuations at Sólheimajökull. Quaternary International 91(1): 39-52. doi:10.1016/S1040-6182(01)00101-X

Mackintosh, A. and Dugmore, A., (2000). Modelling Holocene glacier fluctuations and climatic change in Iceland. Geolines 11: 142-146.

Mackintosh, A., Dugmore, A., and Jacobsen, F., (2000). Ice thickness measurements on Sólheimajökull, southern Iceland, and their relevance to its recent behaviour. Jökull 48: 9-15.

Non-refereed publications

Mackintosh, A., (2008). Recent work: New Zealand snow and ice research. ICE 145(3): 3-14.

Hoezle, M., Anderson, B., Chinn, T., Fitzsimons, S., Mackintosh, A., Lawson, W., Willsman, A., (2007). Glacier changes and monitoring in New Zealand. Ice and Climate News 9: 18-19.

Mackintosh, A., Paulin, T., and Keys, H., (2005). Exploring the dynamics of glacier retreat on Mt. Ruapehu, New Zealand. The Climber Magazine 54: 13-15.

Mackintosh, A., (2000). Glacier fluctuations and climate change in Iceland. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Edinburgh, UK. Supervised by Professor David E. Sugden and Andrew J. Dugmore.